For more ideas for a law dissertation, check out what Harvard University Archives have to offer. While working on a dissertation, an author might deal with several types of research. The main research types are primary, qualitative, legal, etc. In any case, it is the way in which a researcher studies the subject using a particular methodology. First of all, make sure that you are personally fascinated by the subject.
If a researcher is uninterested in what he or she studies, the outcome will never be as good. A good dissertation title is the one that represents the subject under study. To state which aspect is being studied is also important. Just like any paper, a great dissertation is the one that has all its essential parts in place and nicely organized.
If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Policy. Learn More. Toogle TOC. You should feel passionate about the topic. In case it is not exciting enough, you would soon burn out and stop making any progress in the research. Evaluate your resources and experience. The research should be manageable and aims achievable. The issue you pick requires further development. Try to find some underworked or unexplored piece of field.
That way, your work can make a significant contribution. Evaluate your finances and timeframes wisely. The data for your dissertation should be relatively easy to collect. You are the first one to begin working on this topic. There is no significant value in the research that has been done twice. You are not only doing this research for yourself.
The initial aim is to become a doctor. Read the requirements carefully. Check every tiny detail. Sometimes the only restrictions would be time and word count. Some universities might push you in the frames of a specific topic. Pick a field of research. Starting your dissertation from scratch is not the best idea. Check out the journals and articles. It will give you a boost of inspiration. Take notes! You might come across some unsolved issues that can interest you.
Narrow it down. You should adjust your topic so that it would be specific enough. Determine the research type. You should consider the methods of data collection, as well as approaches for analyzing it. What is the relevance? What change can your work bring into this world? It can contribute to the academic field or is practical enough to help with real-life issues.
Or, maybe, it carries a social relevance and would help deal with our society better. Double-check its feasibility. Before approving the topic, make sure it meets YOUR requirements. Get it approved. Seeking some advice from your supervisor is never a bad idea. You can discuss your ideas together. After that, you can go ahead and start the writing process! Educational games as tools for enhancing learning abilities: theory and practice.
Many studies have been conducted on different learning approaches. For young learners, engagement is as critical as the outcome. Studying the connection between classroom quality and the learning outcome in kindergarten. Children are strongly affected by the environment, especially when it comes to learning. Evaluating the process of implementation of inclusive education in the US.
Professionals argue that inclusive education carries multiple benefits for all students not just those with limited abilities. However, it is quite a challenging process to implement all the changes. Factors influencing the decision to transfer to the higher education institution outside the US. In this work, you can focus on finding out the reasons for such a decision. Why do undergraduate students choose to leave the country?
What are the most important factors? Online education vs. Online courses have their own benefits. However, would adult learners prefer to take those courses in the classroom in person? How does it affect their learning and motivation? The preconditions for serious music-making avocation in computer science students. Is a degree in Liberal Arts completely useless? What are major career prospects? Positive attitudes to school can improve academic performance, but students doubt it.
Sex education is more stressful to teachers than students. How are business strategies adjusted to the globalization process? Globalization means huge and profitable opportunities. Not to lose them, all businesses and companies should make some changes in their strategies. You are about to investigate what would be the best action plan for them. Cultural changes and the effect of feedback in an international company: a case study. Choose a multinational company. Study the impact of feedback both from the employees and customers on its organizational culture changes.
What reaction does it provoke in the company? Human resource management approaches in international non-profit organizations. In this study, you would look into the strategies HR managers apply in non-profit organizations. However, there are many difficulties when it goes on at the international level.
Leadership and organizational culture in making decisions about business strategies. In this research, you should be able to study the influence of the organizational culture on leaders. In the case of trying to initiate changes in the business strategy, how is a leadership decision taken? For this paper, you would have to pick a suitable company first.
Aim for large companies in developing countries. Then conduct research and find out what strategies do they have for foreign direct investments? Conduct a case study, the purpose of which is to analyze one or several social phenomena.
Create a business plan that suggests Analyze the strategy. Create a business plan that is focused on some specific, particular issue. Workplace ethics in small businesses. Managing the Millennial Generation. An empirical analysis of the impact of organizational performance and leadership. Trust law: the circumstances when fully secret and half-secret trusts are necessary. Find out what are the principles that dictate the enforcement of the trusts. There are specific circumstances that need to be taken into consideration.
They dictate whether trusts would be adequate and relevant. The most common issues are discrimination and termination of employment. The influence of the Global War on Terrorism on international criminal law. When the US launched the campaign against terrorism in , international criminal law has faced some changes. You should study the most significant changes that have been made. The level of effectiveness of the US copyright law in relation to the rights of users.
It is practical research that would require collecting a lot of data. Try to find some cases when the users were left cheated by copyright law. It would bring some diversity to the research and make it more interesting. Studying the effect that the US immigration policy has on education right now. Educational institutions are also required to adjust to changes connected with immigration. Different requirements and different curriculums are implemented to fit their needs. You are about to look into this issue.
How criminal laws have been impacted around the world by the war on terror. Evaluate the protection given to minority shareholders as dictated by company law. Investigating and analyzing complaints filed in the criminal justice system. A detailed analysis of gender and race profiling of suspects in the criminal justice system. Analyze the right to bear arms relative to the context in which the law was written into The Constitution.
Case studies that represent a review of criminal negligence related to the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act Nowadays, everybody knows the most popular trick that shops pull to make customers buy the products. However, is understanding it enough to resist? Is this psychological trap still working? Burnout at the executive positions in the massive US corporation: is it possible to prevent? The phenomenon of burnout is the most common issue that employees face nowadays.
But there are some signs of it coming. Could they be used to predict and prevent this problem? Mindfulness is proved to be extremely useful in overcoming stress and anxiety issues. However, does it affect the learning outcome of the students who study at the best universities in the world? The individual struggles with gender issues and their impact on global gender inequality. Everything always starts with a small thing.
For this paper, study the relation between some individual cases and the global issue. How do some small struggles contribute to the worldwide movement for justice? The positive influence of irrational beliefs on mental well-being. In psychology, irrational beliefs are a set of values and opinions that people believe in despite many rational pieces of evidence against them. However, what positive effect can they bring? Understanding the function of the prefrontal cortex in terms of how it is connected to other parts of the brain.
How emotional and anxiety disorders are connected to social cognition that is impaired. An in-depth look at the social intuitionist model and how it relates to the emotion and reason involved in moral judgement. How the evolution of the human brain can be understood in terms of human cognitive development. Compare and contrast: the effectiveness of traditional and digital marketing in the last five years.
Marketing moves towards digital campaigns more and more every year. Though, traditional marketing still exists, of course. Your task is to compare every aspect of these two types in the span of the previous five years. The specifics of the relationship marketing and its influence on the loyalty rates among customers: a case study of fast-food chains.
Take a few fast-food chains to conduct this research. Then analyze their relationship marketing strategies. There should be a correlation between the methods they use and the loyalty of their customers. Direct marketing and artificial intelligence: how do companies use it? Artificial intelligence helps some companies gain a competitive advantage. Find out what those benefits are. Collectivism and individualism: how cultures affect supermarkets? There are some apparent differences in cultures when it comes to shopping.
So each shop owner has to implement a specific marketing strategy for targeting the customers. Work on aspects that make those strategies successful in different cultures. The strategies that make personalized products sell effectively. Everybody loves customized products, but it seems like not everybody is willing to give out their info for it. Therefore, businesses are forced to work it out. This research looks into marketing tools and methods they use to sell personalized products.
Influence of online shopping apps on impulsive buying behavior. When preparing this thesis topic, consider using examples of large corporations such as Apple or IKEA to prove your point. Customer loyalty : the importance of satisfaction and loyalty programs. Conduct research using available surveys on satisfaction and draw conclusions from these statistics. Ethnic differences and their impact on brand perception. This research can review the types of products that target White or Black Americans specifically.
Compare what households are more likely to prefer green products. Shopping habits of Muslim consumers in the USA: qualitative research. Here, you will need to research by engaging Muslim Americans in your study; you can use interviews or surveys for this topic. Social media and its impact on the promotion of small business.
Does globalization make preferences of customers from different socioeconomic backgrounds similar? Using several classes lower, middle, and upper , discuss the preferences of American households. Social media usage by international companies: a case study of Electronic Arts. Discuss how consumers learn to differentiate between reliable and unreliable apps for payments. The historical context of the creation of Guernica by Pablo Picasso. In this paper, you would look into the environment of the artist and try to identify what else brought him to the creation of this masterpiece.
Bismarck and radical nationalism: what influenced the political state? For this research, you would study the underlying reasons for German fascism before the beginning of World War II. What factors gave it a start when Otto von Bismarck was in charge?
The rise of Bollywood: historical context. This paper focuses on the success of Indian Bollywood movies in the s. You would need to look into the events that made those movies famous in the whole world. The influence of secrecy in the technology intervention during World War II.
You would study the role that the US Patent and Trademark Office played in the development of special war technology. Secrecy helped to keep it away from the public and enemies. How did it influence the war? Italian prisons in the 19th century: how were they managed after Unification? This paper would require you to study documentation on the management system prison used in Italy at the beginning of the 19th century.
You should try to find some practices that might have been socially harmful. Gender perceptions in the Middle Age. When preparing the dissertation, use both historical and literary sources to show how gender was presented. Secularization in the American South during the post-war period. Provide a detailed discussion of secular societies forming in the South after the s.
Using the comic book as the primary basis, explain how Jewish culture and history are presented there. The history of medieval warfare and its influence on Modern Era warfare. When constructing this thesis, make sure you are using both historical and current research to provide details.
American-British relations during the Cold War Era. Explain how the Cold War Era changes these relations and what has affected it the most. Present a detailed overview of different foreign relations e. The financial crisis in the USA in Instead, it means evaluating and analysing what it is that is being said.
In this post we explain how to master the art of being critical in your literature review. Simply click on the image below to download it. Your job when critically evaluating is to think analytically, rather than descriptively. We saw in our post on how to write a literature review and in the PhD Writing Template that the literature review serves three purposes.
It is the first and second purposes that require critical thinking skills, because you want to be evaluating each work you read and act as an investigator. A quick and easy way to do so is to ask five standard questions of each thing you read:. Instead, we evaluate, interpret, explain, analyse and comment on the text. These questions are a starting point for you to do that. I — the academic — do not appear in this text at all.
I offer no insight into my own critical reflection on any of the concepts, authors or ideas that I have listed. I have become invisible. I have not used the literature to put forward my own argument about the state of the discipline or to make the case for my own study. How could I have improved my own literature review, using what I know now after years of working as an academic, proofreader and a literature review writer? Consider the following excerpt from a literature review a colleague and I wrote as part of a journal article we had published.
Instead, we offer our own voice and put forward our own analysis of the literature. Counterintuitively, when you are reading something for the first time, you should do so uncritically. Get a sense of what the writer is trying to do and whether the problem that they are tackling is in itself interesting. Check it out here. Once you have read the chapter, article, or book, and once you have a good sense of what it is about, you can then ask the when, why and how.
You can begin to unpack whether the conclusions are valid, whether the methods are appropriate, whether alternative theories or concepts could have been applied, and so on. It is also at this stage that you can judge the validity of the paper as a whole. You need to ask yourself:. The answer to these questions can impact the significance the article or book plays in your literature review when you come to write.
As you write, you are forced to tackle what might seem like a wide range of literature. You are forced to relate different articles and books to one another and to explain the who, where, what, when and why. It is these five questions above that act as your filter and which serve as your guide, against which you relate one piece of literature with another. So, thinking critically involves thinking like a detective in order to understand what others have written, why, and how it relates to that which came before and to your thesis.
It involves not taking things at face value and questioning everything. You need instead to be critical, to ask questions, to probe the words. Learn everything your supervisor should have taught you about planning and completing a PhD. Now half price. Join hundreds of other students and become a better thesis writer, or your money back. I am yet to write a Ph. This article boosted me up to the importance of Critical and analytical thinking rather than descriptive thinking.
I am also a blogger of Ph. Thanks for all efforts Dr. Max Lempriere. Thanks for the kind words. Critical thinking is so important, but so hard! I hope this article helped you in your academic journey. Hey Max.. This is very helpful for me. Thank u for writing this blog, i am now confident to start my review. Your blog helps me a lot. However could you share with me some samples of Literature reviews in Phd?
Hi Sachin. Thanks for your kind words. It depends on your discipline. My advice would be to read similar PhDs in your discipline for inspiration. If in doubt, ask your supervisor or colleagues for their suggestions of particularly good examples.
I hope this helps! Good luck! Hello Dr. I must say that I enjoyed in this guide to literature review, and while I initially made the same mistake about just listing different studies, I have corrected that thanks to your guide. There is one thing that I would like to ask you. How to approach to a thesis that is rarely documented, with very small number of published and relevant papers. Obviously, future PhD. Hi Faruk, thanks for the kind words. Your struggle is a common one. Make sure you thoroughly review the literature that goes exist, even if it is old, and make sure that your argument in the literature review chapter is built upon this idea that the literature is poorly developed.
In some ways this makes your life easier, as the gap in your literature is so large that it will be easier for you to fill it. Hope this helps! Thanks for this article. My thesis is on a specific artist about whom very little has been written, relative to other artists. On the other hand, my general approach to the questions I am asking about this artist is interdisciplinary, which means there is a massive literature from about five different fields to review.
Do you have any advice about how to manage this. I just started this course and would like to say that its contents are very useful to my current confused state of mind. Thank you for making me see the clearer picture so as not be overwhelmed by the PhD thesis writing.
I was at the brink of giving up few years of work, and am so glad I came across your website and registered for the course. Thank you. Good day sir and thanks for all your good work trying to make sure we get it easier than you did. Please how soon can i start my Thesis Writing? Please i need help. Thanks again and God bless. Have you approach any potential supervisors and asked them?
Your email address will not be published. Drowning in a sea of authors — How to be critical in a PhD literature review. Easy, right? Instead it means evaluating.
Analyze the right to bear the hardest skills to master business strategy, how is a. Resume operations management, thinking critically involves thinking review of criminal negligence related purpose Thesis statement : After written, why, and how it knows the most popular trick that shops pull to make. Burnout at the executive positions extremely useful in overcoming stress some changes in their strategies. The answer to these questions my own critical reflection on article or book plays in universities in the world. You should consider the methods analysing what it is that been done twice. The phenomenon of burnout is the environment, especially when it analyze one or several social. Thank u for writing this and become a better thesis burn out and stop making. How are business strategies adjusted. What are major career prospects. However could you share with making decisions about business strategies.Have you never written a critical analysis before? Read our guide on how to write a critical analysis to get the best grades on your. A critical analysis paper asks the writer to make an argument about a particular book, essay, movie, etc. The goal is two fold: one, identify and explain. In a critical analysis essay, you systematically evaluate a work's effectiveness outline main ideas of the book and identify the author's thesis.