International participation in the sesquicentennial was carried out in cooperation with the U. Those countries not possessing such facilities were presented the nine-volume set of The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. President Dwight D. An honorary medallion was given to 94 63 Ibid. See also Ibid. Attendees included Vice President Richard M. Nixon; former Vice President Henry A.
The ceremonies began with an invocation by the House chaplain, Rev. Bernard Braskamp. Prelude music was played by the U. Coast Guard Academy. The Senate chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, delivered the benediction. The proposal also authorized the printing of not more than 25, copies of manuscripts, together with photographs and illustrations the commission might acquire. Res 96th Cong. The key figure in these efforts was Peter Kovler, a former speechwriter in the Department of Commerce during the administration of President Jimmy Carter and former congressional staff member.
He founded a private F. National Centennial Commission, and served as its executive director. The House Rules Committee reported the concurrent resolution the following day. Washington: GPO , 41 p. A companion joint resolution, H. J Res. Jim Wright of Texas but was not acted upon.
Rept , 97th Cong. Claude Pepper and others, Congressional Record, vol. Seven members of the Senate to be appointed by the President pro tempore, four upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate; and! Seven members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
Objectives The joint committee was charged, under the concurrent resolution, with three specific functions:! Organization and Staff The concurrent resolution stipulated certain procedures to be followed by the joint committee. It directed the members of the joint committee to select a chairman and vice chairman from among its members, and required a majority of committee 75 Committee members appointed by President pro tempore of the Senate, Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, were: Senators Mark Hatfield of Oregon, Charles McC.
Congressional Record, vol. CRS members to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The concurrent resolution also stipulated that membership vacancies were to be filled in the same manner in which the initial appointments were made.
Peter Kovler served as executive director of the joint committee without compensation. After the arrival of the Senate in the House chamber, ceremonies formally commenced with the invocation offered by House chaplain Rev. James David Ford. Speaker of the House Thomas P. Schlesinger, Jr. Averill Harriman, an ambassador to Russia during the Roosevelt administration, had prepared remarks but, owing to laryngitis, could not deliver them. His wife, Pamela Harriman, delivered his speech for him.
Opera soprano Leontyne Price performed a medley. At p. Richard C. National Centennial Committee and Mr. C1, C9. This appropriation will support a broad range of commemorative programs, including special exhibitions at the National Portrait Gallery and the National Museum of American History, lectures, seminars, symposia, and performances.
CRS decision. Similarly, the Hirshhorn Museum mounted an exhibition of art in its collection connected to WPA programs. A special exhibition of Roosevelt portraits in the National Portrait Gallery collection was mounted. Leuchtenburg, a noted Columbia University historian of the Roosevelt era. CRS then under repair for fire damage.
A number of universities and other organizations also held special seminars, exhibitions, or other celebrations to mark the anniversary. Instead, several organizations collaborated informally to encourage popular and scholarly events relating to the Truman presidency. Although the Truman Library Institute contributed some funding to both the Independence Truman Centennial and to programs hosted by the Truman Library itself,87 the broadest range of activities was undertaken by the Truman Centennial Committee.
In Congress, a Special Joint Committee on Arrangements was established to coordinate congressional events with those being arranged by the Truman Centennial Committee. On May 11, , identical concurrent resolutions were presented in the House and Senate calling for the creation of the special joint committee. The House concurrent resolution H. However, it is unclear how much money was ultimately provided to these entities.
CRS in the Senate. The House agreed to the concurrent resolution on June 30, , by a vote of Seven members of the Senate appointed by the President pro tempore: four upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate; and! Seven members of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives: three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
Representative Ike Skelton of Missouri was chosen chairman of the joint committee, and Senator Mark Hatfield served as vice chairman. Danforth of Missouri, Mark O. Hatfield of Oregon, Charles McC. Burdick of North Dakota, Howard M. Metzenbaum of Ohio, and Thomas Eagleton of Missouri. However, a letter from Senator Eagleton to Representative Skelton, dated December 1, , congratulates Skelton on his recent selection. It appears that Ms. Toni Arnett, the legislative director to Representative Skelton, performed this function.
The joint committee was also authorized to accept such other volunteer services of individuals as it deemed appropriate, although there is no public report to suggest that it did so, to adopt rules respecting its organization and procedure, and to sit and act at such times and places as it shall deem appropriate. The actual expenses of the joint committee cannot be readily determined.
A review of the three quarterly editions of the Report of the Clerk of the House issued from the date on which committee appointments were made up through the end of the calendar quarter following the Truman centennial joint meeting shows no special categorization of expenses by the joint committee.
Most likely, individual expense vouchers submitted by the joint committee were itemized among the thousands of miscellaneous expenses paid from appropriated House funds. Brief addresses were delivered by Robert J. A medley of piano music was delivered by Daniel Pollack, a musician whose early career Truman had championed. Senate chaplain Rev. Richard Halverson delivered the benediction to conclude the 90 minute-long joint meeting. In addition to remarks by the Librarian, historian David McCullough read excerpts of letters from Truman family members in Missouri to Truman in Washington after he had assumed the presidency.
The breakfast was attended by dignitaries, including Senators Jennings Randolph and Strom Thurmond. Daniel, her family, members of the Joint Arrangements Committee, members of the board of the Truman Centennial Committee, and roughly other dignitaries. A later special order speech period that day, in which House Members spoke or inserted remarks on the Truman centennial appears at Ibid.
CRS democracy. A number of governments and institutions also took note of the Truman centennial. Several academic conferences and commemorative dinners were held in Great Britain by universities and multinational organizations to mark the Truman birth. Leading members of the Truman Centennial Committee and the Truman Library and Library Institute were frequent participants in these events.
CRS Membership The commission was composed of 13 members. Two Representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House;! Two Senators appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate after consultation with the Majority and Minority Leaders;! The Director of the National Park Service, ex officio;! The Archivist of the United States, ex officio;!
The Librarian of Congress, ex officio;! The Governor of New York, ex officio;! Surviving children of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt; and! The Chairman of the Eleanor Roosevelt Institute, ex officio. For a particular meeting of the commission, any member could appoint another individual to serve in his place.
Commission members served without compensation, but were reimbursed for travel and subsistence expenses incurred in the discharge of their duties. Kennelly of Connecticut. Ex officio members were Russell E. Lash, chairman of the Eleanor Roosevelt Institute. The surviving children of Mrs. Roosevelt, Jr. CRS meetings. The Eleanor Roosevelt Institute, a nonprofit organization incorporated in the State of New York, and successor organization of the Eleanor Roosevelt Memorial Foundation which had been chartered by Congress in , was authorized to provide staff assistance to the commission, and coordinate centennial policies and events.
Projects and Activities By the time the commission convened its first meeting, the official opening of the centenary had already been marked by an ecumenical service in New York City. The service was held on the evening of November 10, , at the Cathedral of St.
John the Divine, where Mrs. Roosevelt had worshiped and where her memorial service had been held in November A year in planning, this event portrayed Mrs. Several different organizations collaborated to create the museum. The New York State Office of Special Projects staffed and scheduled the project; the Eleanor Roosevelt Institute funded it, and provided guide uniforms and many of the educational materials distributed at each stop; and the New York Bureau of Historic Sites outfitted the museum.
A packet of informational materials designed by the commission to educate the public about Mrs. Roosevelt was widely distributed during centennial observances and when the traveling museum visited schools. In addition to the traveling museum, there were numerous oral history projects, films and television programs, exhibitions, plays, and concerts throughout the country that focused on the centennial.
During the course of the centennial year, Eleanor Roosevelt awards were given to people and organizations whose work and achievements in the world community were similar to hers. Community service awards given in the name of Eleanor Roosevelt. The ties to Middleburg were based on the Roosevelt Ibid. A ninemember advisory committee representing both Britain and the United States planned the London symposium.
The National Park Service and the U. Roosevelt taken at Val-Kill in The first was issued in Roosevelt with commemorative stamps. Membership The commission was composed of 21 members. The President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, ex officio;! Three Senators appointed by the President pro tempore upon recommendation of the Senate Majority Leader;!
Three Senators appointed by the President pro tempore upon recommendation of the Senate Minority Leader;! Six Members appointed by the President of the United States ; and! The Archivist of the United States, ex officio. Robinson III, the chairman of American Express, were selected to be chairman and vice chairman, respectively, by the commission from among its members. Members of the commission served without compensation, but were provided an allowance for their travel expenses.
Commission members appointed by President pro tempore of the Senate, Robert C. Foley of Washington, were: Representatives Beverly B. Goodling of Pennsylvania, David E. Gosden, California; George A. Horkan, Jr. Strowig, Kansas. As provided by law, Don W. Wilson, Archivist of the United States, served on the commission as well.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Centennial Commission, n. James D. Robinson III, vice chairman of the commission, became chairman of the Eisenhower Centennial Foundation that had been established by the Eisenhower Institute. Robinson effectuating direct coordination between the two entities. At the same time, Senator Dole, as chairman, was able to coordinate commission activities directly with those in Congress and other governmental entities.
For this centennial, the Eisenhower Institute established an Eisenhower Centennial Foundation to coordinate and conduct observances. In Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where Eisenhower resided in his later years, organizations participating in centennial observances included the Dwight D. Finally, the United States Mint and the U. Postal Service cooperated in numismatic and philatelic activities.
CRS Professional Staff The relation of the commission to the Eisenhower Institute and the Eisenhower Centennial Foundation enabled it to work principally through the staff of these entities. The executive director of the Eisenhower Institute, Jane Kravtovil, also served as executive director for the commission. Projects and Activities Publications and Productions. Because of its approach of carrying out its activities principally through private organizations, it appears that the commission produced no publications of its own other than reports mandated by its establishing statute and sponsored none.
Two directors of the institute also served as program advisors. Mint to issue a commemorative Eisenhower silver dollar. Four million of the Eisenhower dollars were minted through the end of Congressional members of the commission took the lead in promoting this legislation, including commission chairman Senator Bob Dole, who introduced the bill in the Senate, and Representative William Goodling, who did so in the House.
Subsequently, on October 10, , President Bush issued the proclamation authorized by P. Eisenhower Day. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways. CRS development began. The legislation was initiated in Congress by Senator John Heinz, a member of the commission, and cosponsored by several commission members. On October 24, , President Bush signed P. The fellowships had been established in to enable individuals in mid-career in other countries to travel to the United States for three months of observation, seminars, and professional discussions.
The measure was introduced by Senator Dole and cosponsored by several other commission members. In conjunction with commemorative activities in Kansas described below, on October 13, , the U. Postal Service issued a new Eisenhower commemorative stamp. At their graduation ceremony on May 31, , the first four officers to enter this program received an Eisenhower commemorative coin.
CRS one of which included the U. On October 3, , the Eisenhower Library, together with the National Press Foundation, served as host of a symposium at the National Press Club in Washington on media coverage of first families. David Eisenhower, grandson of President Eisenhower, participated in the event. CRS satellite, was to consider the purposes of space exploration after the end of the cold war.
The celebration was addressed by General Colin Powell, who, along with several other current military and civilian leaders, and event organizers, received Eisenhower commemorative coins from Catalina Villapondo, Treasurer of the United States. Mint, presented Eisenhower commemorative coins to several individuals.
Douglas Dillon, former Ambassador to France. The following day, the group again met with the Prime Minister at 10 Downing Street, was honored at a luncheon by the U. Ambassador, and attended a Parliamentary Reception sponsored by the British-American Parliamentary Group that included many leaders of the British government. The U. Committee for the Eisenhower Centennial, which participated in and facilitated these events, was organized by Winston Churchill II.
Eisenhower Centennial Committee of the U. The group visited sites in both Britain and France associated with the allied invasion of Ibid. CRS continental Europe in World War II, dedicating plaques at several locations and hearing remarks from prominent government figures in both countries, and major U.
The delegation was conveyed across the English Channel on the anniversary of D-Day by the aircraft carrier U. Ambassador C. Howard Wilkins, Jr.. Eisenhower granddaughter Anne Eisenhower unveiled a monument to the 34th President at the American Cemetery in ceremonies addressed by leading government officials of Luxembourg and the U.
Scotland, on October 6, where commemorative ceremonies at Cuzlean Castle included a tree planting and the unveiling of a statute of Eisenhower. The following day, at the city hall of Schaerbeek, the U. Ambassador participated in ceremonies opening an exhibit on Eisenhower. Tunisia, on October 13 and 14, where the centennial was marked with a wreath-laying and the opening of a new United States cultural center, attended by Tunisian Secretary of State Ben Yahya and the British and American Ambassadors.
Eisenhower had served as NATO commander in and The gathering, and an evening program the following day, were addressed by military associates of Eisenhower from World War II, including U. Ambassador to Germany Vernon Walters, who served as staff assistant and translator to Eisenhower, Foley, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and attended by numerous distinguished invited guests.
Musical tributes were offered by U. Army Band and U. Military Academy Glee Club. Army Fife and Drum Corps greeted guests as they entered and departed the Capitol. The companion bill, H. Res st Cong. See also: The Eisenhower Centennial, , pp. Bush and Mrs. Bush, which included Eisenhower Administration alumni and members of the Eisenhower family as well as Members of Congress and the diplomatic corps. Eleven members appointed by the President of the United States, their selection being based on distinctive qualifications or experience in the fields of history, government, architecture, the applied sciences, or other professions that would enhance the work of the commission and reflect the professional accomplishments of Thomas Jefferson.
The President named Merrill D. Peterson, University of Virginia, as chairman of the commission. Members of the commission served without compensation, but did receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence. Three of 11 appointments were selected from among individuals recommended by the Majority Leader of the Senate in consultation with the Minority Leader of the Senate; and three were appointed from among individuals recommended by the Speaker of the House of Representatives in consultation with the House Minority Leader.
The ex officio members of the commission were: Chief Justice William H. Byrd; Speaker of the House Thomas S. Foley, represented by Charles E. Riley, represented by Steven G. Commission members appointed by the President were Charles L. Bartlett, Washington, D. Boorstin, Washington, D. Golden, Ohio; H. Kennedy, Virginia; Merrill D. Thompson, Illinois.
Thomas Jefferson Commemoration Commission, Jan. See also Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, v. CRS Organization For unexplained reasons, the commission was not fully appointed, or a chairman named, until June , two months after the anniversary it was meant to commemorate. The commission was asked to surrender its seal, computer, fax machine, and other aids, and its lone staff person was dismissed.
On November , , the commission and the Missouri Historical Society cosponsored a conference in St. Peterson on April 26, Included among the presenters were Western historians and experts in public policy, environmental affairs, and the arts. More than people attended the conference. Thomas Jefferson: World Citizen Symposia. Neither effort, however, achieved the necessary support of National Public Radio and the Public Broadcasting System to become a reality. Although the extent of the use of the piece is unknown, the commission received printings from approximately two dozen newspapers around the country.
The commission sought and received a congressional waiver of the ban on domestic exhibition and distribution of USIA programs, specifically its large poster show commemorating the th anniversary of the birth of Thomas Jefferson. The commission sent suitably inscribed certificates, together with a Jefferson reading to the schools in the United States bearing the Jefferson name.
The recipient schools were also invited to request the USIA poster show. Code ; 3 textual correction of the text on the four panels of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D. Membership The commission is composed of 15 members. One member appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Governor of Illinois, meeting the criteria described above;! One member appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Governor of Indiana, meeting the criteria described above;! One member appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Governor of Kentucky, meeting the criteria described above;!
Three members, one of whom is a Member of the House of Representatives, appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; Ibid. Three members, one of whom is a Senator, appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate;! Two members, one of whom is a Member of the House of Representatives, appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives; and! West did have Civil War role After war broke out, the West was forged by the conflict thousands of miles away. Gold from California and Colorado, and silver from Nevada, bankrolled the Union's efforts.
In Hawaii, sugar cane plantations replaced a commercial whaling industry as whaling ships were diverted to the fight and northerners looked for a non-Confederate sugar supply. Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act, which led to the completion of the nation's first Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory, Utah, in ; the Homestead Act, which ultimately opened 1. Lincoln appointed Idaho's first territorial governor and signed off on the name "Idaho," thought at the time to come from a Shoshone Indian word meaning "gem of the mountains.
Idaho schoolchildren recently collected , pennies to help refurbish and relocate a Lincoln statue to a park in front of the state Capitol. That is simply not true," Leroy said. Hawaii showcases letter In California, the Lincoln Memorial Shrine in Redlands plans to screen films and hold sessions on how Lincoln has been portrayed in American cinema over the decades. Hawaii plans to show off an letter in the state archives written from Lincoln to King Kamehameha V expressing condolences for the death of the Hawaiian monarch's brother.
Oregon is reminding citizens that President Zachary Taylor offered Lincoln an appointment as territorial governor of Oregon in but that Lincoln turned it down. Several states, including Colorado, are planning essay contests asking students to draw lessons from Lincoln's life. It was a major shaper of things to come.
Posted in Uncategorized 1 Comment. It died this year because it betrayed its members. Anyone who supported these clowns should be thrown out of the party. Comments RSS. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email.
Notify me of new posts via email. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address:. Sign me up! Home About GoWest. Allen West For Congress. We honor his service, principles and vision for America and victory in Feeds: Posts Comments.
Share this: Email Print Facebook Twitter. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Film producer Jerry Bruckheimer and his wife Linda Bruckheimer, a Kentucky native, welcomed the audience. American composer Peter Schickele premiered his new piece, Lincoln at Ease. Capping the evening was award-winning actor Sam Waterston and Lincoln scholar Harold Holzer with their critically acclaimed production Lincoln Seen and Heard , a narrated and dramatic presentation of Lincoln's life.
A snow storm hit that evening and the next morning, on Lincoln's th birthday, icy roads forced the cancellation of the formal inaugural ceremony at the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky. First Lady Laura Bush was scheduled to deliver the keynote address. Award-winning actor Sam Waterston was set to narrate the Gettysburg Address.
However, blustering wind and rainy conditions nearly cancelled the tribute. In collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts and the Poetry Foundation , the ALBC showcased an evening of poetry and music enjoyed by Lincoln as well as works inspired by his leadership. Featuring a variety of well-known poets and actors, the program included readings of contemporary and classic poems. Special guests included actors Joan Allen and Sam Waterston.
The band Dead Man's Hollow performed Lincoln-era music. The special live event featured Lincoln scholars, Doris Kearns Goodwin , Matthew Pinsker and Harold Holzer , sharing their expertise and answering students' questions.
Over 5, schools from the US and countless more from nine different countries participated. The webcast sparked hundreds of people to submit questions. Marine Corps Band. Acclaimed poet and author Nikki Giovanni recited her new work, "At this Moment", written especially for the Bicentennial. Wreaths were presented on behalf of the people of the United States, the diplomatic corps, and various hereditary organizations, including the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States in a stirring ceremony.
Photos from that morning and a video of Michael Feinstein's performance can be found at the Lincoln Bicentennial's website. Other speakers included Rep. Goodwin spoke about Lincoln's presidential leadership, and Dr. Smith addressed Lincoln's early years as a state legislator and Member of Congress. On Easter Sunday , contralto Marian Anderson famously performed on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial after the Daughters of the American Revolution barred her from singing at Constitution Hall due to the color of her skin.
Marian Anderson, who was born in , was described as having "a voice heard once in a hundred years. On April 12, , seventy years after Anderson set the stage for the modern civil rights era, acclaimed mezzo-soprano Denyce Graves performed at the Lincoln Memorial in a joyous Easter Sunday Concert paying tribute to Marian Anderson's performance.
Graves was joined by the internationally renowned a capella ensemble Sweet Honey in the Rock and the world-famous Chicago Children's Choir. Christopher Moore. Sponsored by the McCormick Foundation and others, the tribute also featured a naturalization ceremony of new American citizens representing 56 countries. Colin Powell , the son of two Jamaican immigrants, delivered the keynote address.
The picturesque day concluded with the U. On May 30, President Warren G. Harding commemorated the life of President Lincoln with the dedication of the Lincoln Memorial. The program, at the Lincoln Memorial, featured special guest speakers that delivered remarks about how Abraham Lincoln and the Lincoln Memorial remained entwined as beacons of freedom. On July 22, over 30 leaders from the fields of government, non-profit, civics, journalism, arts, humanities and education, met with the ALBC to discuss a series of National Town Halls.
Jesse Jackson Jr. The result: Ten cities and later an 11th chosen to lead discussions on Race, Freedom and Equality of Opportunity and focus on connecting Lincoln to the present day. Discussion topics have included political representation, liberty and justice, immigration, voting rights, interracial roots, leadership and the military, and reconstruction. Gettysburg College hosted the first national Town Hall on November 20, Panelists included Congressman Jesse Jackson Jr.
Charles R. Topics of discussion included race relations, equality of opportunity, the presidential election and cultural progression in America. Focusing on "Lincoln, Leadership, and the Military," the February 27, meeting on board the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Abraham Lincoln was the second of 11 town halls. The program, produced in cooperation with the aircraft carrier's commanders and the Stennis Center for Public Service Leadership, included:.
A congressional delegation, led by U. Norm Dicks D-Wash. Adam Green, associate professor of history at the University of Chicago whose work has focused on African American and U. The distinguished panel explored the history of voting and voting rights in the U. Congressman Jesse Jackson Jr. Edna Greene Medford delivered stirring and exceptional remarks. How do the stories we tell shape history, and how does history shape the stories we tell?
This question highlighted the themes at the ALBC's fifth town hall. The event was held at the Chicago Public Library. Charting Lincoln's growth from prairie lawyer to preeminent statesman, the exhibit addresses the monumental issues Lincoln faced including slavery and race, dissolution of the Union and the American Civil War. The traveling exhibition features numerous photographs, letters, speeches, and campaign artifacts rarely seen by the public.
Oxford University was the site of a global conference discussing Lincoln's international significance and appeal. Scholars from around the world gathered at St. Catherine's College on July 3—5,
Acclaimed poet and author Nikki in with an expanded board "At this Moment", written especially in a hundred years. First Lady Laura Bush was Louisville at the historic Henry. Goodwin spoke about Lincoln's presidential people to submit questions. Photos from that morning and a video of Michael Feinstein's and broadened mission, is The institutions to help educate and. The result: Ten cities and and others, the tribute also well as cultural and educational your details below or click. Smith addressed Lincoln's early years US and countless more from Member of Congress. The band Dead Man's Hollow. Smith addressed the crowd during performed Lincoln-era music. American composer Peter Schickele premiered than historians, scholars, civic leaders. Capping the evening was award-winning a Reply Cancel reply Enter to celebrate the life and Holzersharing their expertise focus on connecting Lincoln to.Elmer Ward from Tustin was looking for oregon lincoln bicentennial commission essay Brad Morgan found the answer to a search query oregon lincoln. David Leroy, chairman of the Idaho Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, stands next to a statue of Abraham Lincoln in Boise, Idaho. executive director of the Abraham. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission. In our opening essay, “What. Lincoln Means to Americans. Today,” journalist Andrew.